Associate Professor Department of Philosophy. One thing is needful. It is practiced by those who survey all the strengths and weaknesses of their nature and then fit them into an artistic plan until every one of them appears as art and reason and even weaknesses delight the eye. Here a large mass of second nature has been added; there a piece of original nature has been removed -- both times through long practice and daily work at it.
God is Dead
strong reading: Nietzsche, Friedrich - The Gay Science, Preface, Book V
Kaufmann dedicated this edition to his granddaughter Sophia "My Joyful Sophia" in something like a rather confusing pun, 'sophia' being the Greek for "wisdom. Americans tend to interpret the word 'science' way too narrowly so, even though the German 'wissenschaft' means "science," the German sense of "science" is considerably more broad and does not involve the American tendency to exclude a good deal of scholarship as "soft. The original version of The Gay Science , which is what we will read, was published in and did not include the large Preface, Book V, or the Appendix of Songs. From , when The Birth of Tragedy was published to , a great deal happened in Nietzsche's life.
Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science. First published in We cannot see round our corner: it is hopeless curiosity to want to know what other modes of intellect and perspective there might be: for example, whether any kind of being could perceive time backwards, or alternately forwards and backwards by which another direction of life and another conception of cause and effect would be given. But I think that we are today at least far from the ludicrous immodesty of decreeing from our nook that there can only be legitimate perspectives from that nook. The world, on the contrary, has once more become "infinite" to us: in so far we cannot dismiss the possibility that it contains infinite interpretations.
The last of Nietzsche's Untimely Meditations was published in The Gay Science was published in In between stood a long, desperate period of poor health, isolation, and creative self-definition. Nietzsche's health problems began well before his university years, and he had been forced to take periods of rest and recuperation even as a teenager.